Historical Places in Ahmedabad Gujarat

Sabarmati Ashram

This ashram was Gandhi's headquarters during the long struggle for Indian independence. His ashram was founded in 1915 and still makes handicraft, handmade paper and spinning wheels. Gandhi's spartan living quarter are preserved as a small museum and there is a pictorial record of the major events in his life. The ashram is open from 8.30 am to 6.30 pm (7 pm between April and September). Admission is free.

There is a sound-and-light show for a small charge at 6:30 pm (in Gujarati) and 8:30 pm (in English on Sunday, Wednesday and Friday and in Hindi on the other nights. The beautiful ashram complex of Ahmedabad, with it's shady trees populated by thousands of parakeets, beeeaters, sunbirds and squirells, offers a refuge from the loud streets of the city, and is one the foremost tourist attractions of Ahmedabad.

Kankaria Lake

South-east of the city, this artificial lake, complete with an island summer palace, was constructed in 1415 and has 34 sides, each 60m long. Once frequented by Emperor Jehangir and Empress Nur Jahan, it is now a local picnic spot. There's a huge zoo and children's park by the lake, and the Ghattamendal pavilion in the center houses an aquarium.

Jama Masjid

The Jama Masjid, built in 1423 by Ahmed Shah, is beside Mahatma Gandhi Rd, to the east of the Teen Darwaja. Although 260 columns support the roof, the two 'shaking' minarets lost half their height in the great earthquake of 1819, and another tremor in 1957 completed their demolition. Much of this early Ahmedabad mosque was built using items salvaged from the demolished Hindu and Jain temples. It is said that a large black slab by the main arch is actually the base of a Jain idol, buried upside down for the Muslim faithful to tread on

Rani Sipri's Mosque

This small mosque outh-east of the city is also known as the Masjid-e-Nagira (Jewel of a Mosque) because of its extremely graceful and well-executed design. Its slender minarets again blend Hindu and Islamic style. The mosque is said to have been commissioned in 1514 by the wife of Sultan Mahmud Begada after he executed their son for some minor misdemeanour and she is in fact buried here

Sarkhej Roza

Travel south along he highway, and a short day tour will bring you to the Sarkhej complex, a cluster of monuments dating from the Sultanate. Sarkhej was the home of the Muslim religious leader Ahmed Shaik, who was a spiritual guide of Sultan Ahmed Shah. In 1411, he was one of the 4 Ahmeds who laid the foundation of the city. The Rauza or Maqbara (mausoleum) of Shaik Ahmed Gunj Baksh - 140 ft in area is one of the largest mausolea in India, rivalling the Taj Mahal.

Dada Hari Vav

Dada Hari Vav - This well was built to provide cool resting place and water to the travellers. The stepped well is one the finest example of Gujarati architecture. Even on the hottest days the well is cool. This well was built in 1501. It has a flight of steps leading down to lower and lower platform terminating at a small, octagonal well. The best time to visit and photograph the well is between 10 and 11 am; at other times the sun doesn't penetrate to the various levels.

Hathee Singh Jain Temple

Hathee Singh Jain Temple was built outside Delhi Gate in 1850 by a rich Jain Merchant. This is the best known of Ahmedabad's many ornate Jain Temples. Built of pure white marble and profusely decorated with rich carvings, the Hathee Singh Temple is dedicated to Dharamanath.


Lothal lies 85 km southwest of Ahmedabad. This place near Ahmedabad is an ancient dock belonging to the Indus Valley Civilization. The Indus Valley Civilisation at Lothal Ahmedabad district was a hub centre for the Indus valley civilisation when it moved down from Sindh to the Saurashtra coast to establish trading zones. Rangpur and Lothal, both around 75 kms south from Ahmedabad, were among the first 2 places where the Indus valley civilisation was discovered in India.

The rulers home is no longer a grand palace, but the foundations show signs of it having been a 2 or 3 storeyed mansion. The rooms of the upper town were obviously built for ruling classes, as they had private paved baths, and a remarkable network of drains and cess pools. An ivory workshop at the acropolis suggests that elephants may have been domesticated for the purpose


An 11th century Sun Temple, rivalling Konark in architecture an sculpture, with pillars depicting traditional erotic sculpture and scenes from the Hindu epics can be seen here. One of the finest temples of the 11th century period in the country, the Sun temple of Modhera has spectacular carvings, fine architecture and traditional erotic sculpture.

Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary

54 km away and connected the the city, the sanctuary offers a pleasant trip. The sanctuary mainly comprises a lake and marshes where you can see flamingos, pelicans, ducks, geese, cranes, storks, ibises, spoonbills, wading birds, kingfishers, swallows, fishing eagles, osprey, harriers and falcons in great numbers.

The Rann Of Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary

The sanctuary is best known for its herds of chestnut-brown Asiatic onager (wild ass), last surviving species of India's wild horses. Also home of the gazelle, blue bull, wolf, desert and Indian fox, jackal, jungle cat, hare and birds like the houbara bustard, sandgrouse, courser, francolin, quail, eagle, falcon, harrier, vulture, lark, warbler. The 11th century sandstone fortress at Patdi, temples around Munsar Tank at Viramgam and Darbargadh of Dasada can be visited en route.

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27 km away and on the way to Baroda, is another interesting day trip. The Stepwell of Mehmedabad and Jumma Masjid mosques are architectural achievements. From here you can go to Sojali by rickshaw to see the 1515 A.D. mausoleum or Chandra Suraj Mahal, a ruined garden palace.

India Is A Land With A Rich And Varied History

Many different rulers, dynasties, and empires have fought over and controlled different parts of the Indian subcontinent during its eventful history. The various rulers and dynasties left behind their legacy in the form of grand monuments and buildings, in different historical places in India.

Most of India's cities have a history worth exploring, for the tales of the past are truly fascinating. The various monuments including palaces, forts, victory pillars and tombs in different historical places in India, tell glorious stories of India's fascinating history.

The capital city of Delhi was originally the capital of the Tomara clan in the 11th century A.D and later it became the capital of the Mughals. The city has some of the famous historical monuments; out of which some were built by the Mughals and the Britishers. Red Fort, Jama Masjid, Humayun's Tomb, Rashtrapati Bhawan, and Parliament House are the main monuments in Delhi, depicting its ancient history. Monuments of Prithviraj Chauhan, the Lodi Tombs, and the Siri Fort of Allauddin Khilji are some of the other monuments that you can see on your tour to Delhi.Neighboring Delhi is the city of Agra well known as the imperial capital of the Mughal Empire. City of Agra got its real grace during the reign of Shah Jahan. In 1631,the Mughal ruler built the beautiful mausoleum of Taj Mahal, in the memory of his consort Mumtaz Mahal. The monument is still an inspiration for true lovers. The historical city of Agra also has many other Mughal monuments like the Agra Fort, the tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah, and Akbar's fort at Sikandra.

The Royal state of Rajasthan offers many grand palaces and forts, which are part of the heritage of India. The capital city of Jaipur is one of the most visited historical places in India. The pink city was built by the astronomer King Sawaii Jai Singh in 1727 and endowed with grand palaces and magnificent forts. The Hawa Mahal, City Palace, Amber Fort and Jantar Mantar make Jaipur a must visit historical destination in India. The city of Jaisalmer is dotted with many magnificent golden fortresses, historic carved havelis, windswept sand dunes, and desert festivals, which depict the traditional culture of Rajasthan.Udaipur is popular for its lake palaces which are historic and architectural gems of Rajasthan.The city is a popular historical place in India. The majestic Mehrangarh Fort and Umaid Bhawan Palace represent the city of Jodhpur, which is known for its magnificent palaces. The city was previously the princely state of Marwar. Jodhpur is one of the historical places in India where history can be seen even today. Another city in Rajasthan famous for its history and unequalled sacrifice is the city of Chittorgarh; this historical place in India has seen many battles and acts of heroic sacrifice.

Aurangabad, located in Maharashtra on India's west coast was known for being the capital of the Tughlaq Empire during the reign of Muhammed-bin-Tughlaq.Devagiri Fort is a known historical monument situated in Aurangabad.The city is close to the cave temples of Ajanta and Ellora which form very important historical places in India.

These Buddhist, Jain, and Hindu cave temples are marvels of Indian architecture, carved out of rock in the hills. Apart from all these historical places in Maharashtra, Mumbai city also has a rich history. The city has some remarkable colonial architecture and monuments including the Victoria Terminus. The city was originally inhabited by Koli fishermen and was later handed over to Britishers. Hyderabad, the imperial capital of the Nizams, is one of the known India historical places including the grand monuments of Charminar, Golconda Fort, the Qutab Shahi Tombs, and the Falaknuma Palace. History and modernity coexist in this city, where a mixture of religions, cultures, and architectural styles come together to create one of the most interesting historical places in India.

Among the other historical places in India, the temples of Khajuraho in Madhya Pradesh, Konarak in Orissa and Meenakshi temples in Madurai have their own significance. The Khajuraho Temples were built during the reign of the Chandella dynasty in the years 950 and 1050 A.D. The temples are recognized worldwide for the excellence of their sculptures and for the erotic carvings on the temple walls. The Khajuraho temples are one of the most visited and studied historical places in India. The magnificent sun temple of Konarak in Orissa was built in the 13th century. This historical monument is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and an architectural marvel, in this historical place in Eastern India. The popular Meenashi Temple is situated in Madurai, which was at one time a busy port under Chola, Pandya, and Nayaka rulers. The city continues to be an important town in Tamil Nadu and one of the most fascinating historical places in India.
Mahabalipuram is also an important historical place in South India, the city flourished as an artistic center of the Pallava dynasty. The main highlights of the city are the five chariot shaped temples or rathas, the shore temple and the carved depictions of episodes from the Mahabharata.Varanasi, one of the oldest cities in India is famous for its ceremonial Ghats, archaeological museum, and the many temples which make it a unique city where history is very much a part of daily life. Varanasi is one of the most important religious and historical places in India. Bodhagaya in Bihar is one of the known historical places in India, which has close association with Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism. Buddhist pilgrims from around the world, travel to the historical places in India associated with Buddha's life, including Bodhagaya, the site where Buddha gained enlightenment.


Historical Places Of Gujarat

Gujarat, the land of rich Culture and Heritage! The mystic experience as it unfolds its magic in abundance. Tourists flock in to explore its unique development, join in the festive seasons, enjoy the originalities of the performing genius of the folk art, music and dances. Above all, the Historical Places that dates back to the time of Indus Valley Civilization and Mahabharata times to the existence of Vedas.

Gujarat, the land of the Mahatma and many freedom fighters, is acclaimed in History as the departing souls leave footprints on the sands of time. It also exposes the rich archeological monuments with mix cultural blends.

Gujarat also emerges the fusion of the old bygone era to the new rural architectural modernity of changing times. It has emerged a developing State with high quality Construction and Architecture as the new diverse styles creates blend of International styles with regional flavors. The most enriched destination in Architectural Tourism, Gujarat is a fast paced State in India to focus on ‘Heritage spots’ and revives the history with touch of modernity in it’s renovation schemes.

The subterranean architecture for water, such as step well at Adalaj, Ranki vav at Patan or Dada hari ni vav at Ahmedabad, are uniquely exclusive to Gujarat in terms of their typology, attitude to water and stylistic manifestations.

List of Historical Places Of Gujarat

Adalaj Vav
Aina Mahal
Ashokan Rock Edicts
Bhadra Fort
Bhujia Hill Fort
Calioc Textiles Musium
Digvir Niwas Palace
Ethnology Museum
Fort of Diu (Junagarh)
Kachchh Museum
Kanthkot Fort (100 Kms From Bhuj)
Lakhota Fort & Kotha Bastion (JAMNAGAR)
Madanbsihji Museum
Rani Ni Vav
Ranjit Vilas Palace
Rao Pragmalji Palace
Rudra Mahal (Sidhpur)
Sarkhej Monuments (Ahmedabad)
Shaking Minarets
Sharad Baug Palace
The Toran of Vadnagar
Uperkot Fort (Junagarh)
Vadodara Museum and Picture Gallery

Historical Sites At Fatehpur Sikri

Founded by Akbar, this ghost city has a long story, which says that Akbar built this city in the honour of the saint, Shaikh Salim Chishti, who lived in a city called Sikri. It is believed that, Akbar didn't had heir till the age of 26. Regarding this, he visited the saint, whose blessing gave Akbar 3 sons. Henceforth, the city of Red Sandstone buildings was established - the Fatehpur Sikri.

Fatehpur Sikri or the City of Victory was built during the late 16th century. It was the capital of the Mughal Empire for a short period of 10 years. This huge compound encloses magnificent monuments and temples, along with the largest mosques in India, the Jama Masjid, all in a well-balanced architectural style - a melange of Hindu and Central Asian Architecture.

The city was expected to be the joint capital with Agra, but was soon deserted because of the serious water crisis. After been abandoned for over 400 years now, the efforts are made by the Archaeological department to retain extravagance of the Mughal period.

Fatehpur Sikri is said to be the look-alike of the mosque in Mecca and has designs, taken from the Persian & Hindu architecture. Though the city is in ruins, it is a place to see during one's visit to Agra. The finest monuments enclosed within this region are the Diwan - i - Am, Diwan - i - Khas, Panch Mahal, Jama Masjid, Panch Mahal, Buland Darwaza and the tomb of Saint Sheikh Salim Chisti are among the finest specimens of Mughal architecture.

The Architectural Extravaganza


Diwan-I-Am or the Hall Of Public Audience was used for the public meetings. The place was also used for celebrations and public prayers.


Exquisitely built, Diwan-I-khaas or Hall Of Private Audience was used by the emperors for private meetings.

The Jami Masjid

Jama Masjid is one of the largest mosques in India, was built in 1571 AD. Inside the masjid, there is a vast congregational coutyard. On the right side, at the corner, is the Jammat Khana Hall and next to this is the tomb of the royal ladies. On the left side of the Jami Masjid is the Stone Cutters’ mosque, the oldest place of worship at Fateh Pur Sikri.

Buland Darwaza

Buland Darwaza is the highest and grandest gateway in India and ranks among the biggest in the world. It can be approached by a 13-metre flight of steps from outside, which adds to its splendour. The gate was raised in 1602 AD to commemorate Akbar’s victory over Deccan.

Other attractions are :

Turkish Sultana’s House, The Treasury, Daulat khana-I-khas, Palace of Jodha Bai, Hawa Mahal And Nagina Masjid, Birbal’s Palace, Sunehra Makan, Panch Mahal, Dargah Of Sheikh Salim Chisti.

Look Beyond

Taj Mahal: UNESCO World Heritage Site, Taj Mahal echoes loudly and has the power to stay in the mind of travellers.

Agra Fort: Just 2 kms from Taj Mahal, Agra fort is another masterpiece of Mughal history in India. You would love to explore it.


Ajanta Ellora Caves - The Most Visited Places In India

Ajanta and Ellora Caves are the most vital representative of our countries traditional and cultural view. These Ajanta Ellora Caves are the most visited places by tourists and country people at the same time. Beautifully and nicely crafted from cutting of rocks and by creating every inch of these Ajanta Ellora Caves with bare hands, makes it different from other traditional caves and ritual places. These Ajanta and Ellora Caves were not so popular until they were found in the British Empire in 1820 and from that time these Ajanta Ellora Caves are the main attraction among visitors and tourists from the entire world.

Ajanta Ellora both caves are situated in the middle of Sahyadri lands. Not much far from Aurangabad in the state of Maharashtra, these Ajanta and Ellora Caves are visited by every person and tourists coming first time to India. Thus, this Ajanta Ellora Caves are also known as the biggest spot for those heritage seekers from the entire world. According to rituals, most of the crafting and architectural designs of these Ajanta Ellora Caves refer to various religions like Hindu and Jainism but major part for Ajanta and Ellora Caves describes the traditional view of Buddhism and life journey of Lord Gautam Buddha. As these both Ajanta and Ellora Caves are different; thus, both are located in different locations. Ellora Caves are located just thirty kilometers form the city called Aureangabad. These Ellora Caves are the most treasured architectural heritage monuments of our country. Consisting of 34 caves in it, these Ellora Caves are the largest traditional ones which define three various religions in it. Mostly Jainism and Hinduism are included in it but, the major one on which these Ellora Caves are based upon is the Buddhism.

Ajanta Caves

Ajanta caves lie deep in the semi-arid Sahayadri hills, above the Waghora River. Discovered only in the 19th century and since then brought to the world's light, Ajanta caves have panels depicting tales from the Jatakas, a rich collection of stories dealing with several reincarnations of the Budhha. Numbering as many as 29 caves, Ajanta caves were built as secluded retreats of the Buddhist monks. These monks taught and performed rituals in the Chaityas and Viharas.

Built using simple tools such as hammer and chisel, these caves houses some of the most well preserved wall paintings including that of two great Boddhisattvas, Padmapani and Avalokiteshvara. These caves have some of the most divine sculptures and images of Budhha preaching. One can have a first hand info on the overall development of Buddhism, observing these caves.

Ellora Caves

With 34 caves devoted to Buddhist, Jain and Hindu faiths, Ellora Caves have an amazing wealth of sculpture. About 30 kms northwest of Aurangabad, Ellora caves are caved into the sides of a basaltic hill. As the finest specimens of cave temples, Ellora caves have elaborate facades and intricately aesthetic interiors to hypnotize your sensibilities. Carved during the 350AD to 700AD period, Ellora caves have 12 caves to the south that are Buddhist, the 17 in the centre dedicated to Hinduism, and the 5 caves to the north are Jain.

The sculptures in the Buddhist caves depict the nobility, grace and serenity that are inherent in the Buddha. The sculpture in the Buddhist caves accurately convey the nobility, grace and serenity inherent in the Buddha.Most of the caves are Viharas or Monastery halls used by the monks for study, solitary meditation and worship.

The Kailasha temple in Cave 16 is an architectural wonder carved out of a monolith, has the gateway, pavilion, assembly hall, sanctum and tower, all chiseled out of a single rock. The Dumar Lena cave resembles the famous cave - temple at Elephanta, and is dedicated to Lord Shiva.

The Jain caves about a mile away from the Kailasa temple have grand statues of Parasvanath and other Jain Tirthankaras and a seated figure of meditating Mahavira.

The Beautiful Place Khajuraho In The Heart of Central India

Khajuraho Situated in the heart of Central India, in the state of Madhya Pradesh, Khajuraho is a fascinating village with a quaint rural ambience and a rich cultural heritage. The fascinating temples of Khajuraho, India's unique gift of love to the world, represent the expression of a highly matured civilization. After the Taj it is the most frequently visited monument in India. Khajuraho is a unique example of Indo-Aryan architecture.

The Chandela rulers between 950-1050 built these temples. There were 85 temples, which were built, and only 22 of them survive today. The temples are a world heritage site and belong not just to India but to the world. The Archeological Survey of India's dedicated efforts towards their conservation rank them against the best preserved monuments of this antiquity. Most of the temples are built of sandstone in varying shades of buff, pink or pale yellow. They each belong to a different sect, the Shiva, Vaishnava or Jaina Sects, but are often indistingushable from one another to the untrained eye. The temples are lofty with ample walking space separating them. The interior rooms are inter connected and placed in an East/West line. Each contains an entrance, a hall, a vestibule and a sanctum. Windows were added to the larger temples to add a feeling of space and light.


In the temple architecture of India, the Khajuraho complex remains unique. One thousand years ago, under the generous and artistic patronage of the Chandela Rajput kings of Central India, 85 temples, magnificent in form and richly carved, came up on one site, near the village of Khajuraho. The amazingly short span of 100 years, from 950 AD - 1050 AD, saw the completion of all the temples, in an inspired burst of creativity. Today, of the original 85, only 22 have survived the ravages of time; these remain as a collective paean to life, to joy and to creativity; to the ultimate fusion of man with his creator. Why did the Chandelas choose Khajuraho or Khajirvahila - garden of dates, as it was known then - as the site for their stupendous creations ?

Even in those days it was no more than a small village. It is possible given the eclectic patronage of the Chandelas and the wide variety of beliefs represented in the temples, that they had the concept of forming a seat of religion and learning at Khajuraho. It is possible that the Chandelas were also believers in the powers of Tantrism; the cult which believes that the gratification of earthly desires is a step closer to the attainment of the infinite. It is certain however, that the temples represent the expression of a highly matured civilization. Yet another theory is that the erotica of Khajuraho, and indeed of other temples, had a specific purpose. In those days when boys lived in hermitages, following the Hindu law of being "brahmacharis" until they attained manhood, the only way they could prepare themselves for the worldly role of 'householder' was through the study of these sculptures and the earthly passions they depicted.


Khajuraho or ‘Khajur-vahika’ [bearer of date palms], also known as ‘Khajjurpura’ in ancient times, evidently derives its name from the golden date palms [khajur] that adorned its city gates and, if the different legendary versions are to be believed, it owes its existence to an enchanting maiden named Hemvati. According to the account of the medieval court poet, Chandbardai, in the Mahoba-khand of his Prithviraj Raso, Hemvati was the beautiful daughter of Hemraj, the royal priest of Kashi [Varanasi]. One summer night, while she was bathing in the sparkling waters of a lotus-filled pond, the Moon god was so awestruck by her beauty that he descended to earth in human form and ravished her. The distressed Hemvati, who was unfortunately a child widow, threatened to curse the god for ruining her life and reputation. To make amends for his folly the Moon god promised that she would become the mother of a valiant son. ‘Take him to Khajjurpura’, he is believed to have said. ‘He will be a great king and build numerous temples surrounded by lakes and gardens. He will also perform a yagya [religious ceremony] through which your sin will be washed away.’ Following his instructions, Hemvati left her home to give birth to her son in a tiny village. The child, Chandravarman, was as lustrous as his father, brave and strong. By the time he was 16 years old he could kill tigers or lions with his bare hands.

Ancient Architecture

The most famous thing in Khajuraho is Khajuraho temples. These temples are astonishing display of Indian architecture. Exquisite is the word you will be forced to say while looking at these temples. The temples were built during the period of Chandela Empire. These temples present life of people and especially women during 11 th century

The Khajuraho group of monuments has been registered as a UNESCO World Heritage Site. Built during 950 and 1050 AD, Khajuraho temples are known for erotic sculptures. Beautifully carved and aesthetically beautiful, these sculptures will mesmerize you. A good number of medieval Hindu and Jain temples are located in this beautiful place.

Khajuraho temples were discovered during 20 th century and it is one of the most preserved heritage site. Most of these temples are built of sandstone and the colors used are pale yellow, pink and buff in shades.

These temples are dedicated to Hindu deities like Brahma, Vishnu and Mahesh apart from few Devi forms. Temples of Khajuraho represent highly matured Indian civilization in 11th century. Khajuraho is a place that screams to be visited because of its historic importance.

Hampi - The Greatest Hindu Kingdoms In India’s History

Hampi is a laid back village that was the last capital of Vijayanagar, one of the greatest Hindu kingdoms in India’s history. It has some extremely captivating ruins, intriguingly intermingled with large boulders that rear up all over the landscape.

The ruins, which date back to the 14th century, stretch for just over 25 kilometers (10 miles) and comprise more than 500 monuments. The most striking monument is the Vittala Temple, dedicated to Lord Vishnu. Its main hall has 56 pillars that make musical sounds when struck.

Hampi Location:

Hampi is in central Karnataka, approximately 350 kilometers (217 miles) from Bangalore.

Getting to Hampi:

The closest railway station is in Hospet, around half an hour away. Private buses also operate from Bangalore and Goa, and will drop you in Hospet. From Hospet, take an autorickshaw to Hampi. The fare is around 100 rupees ($2.30).

Hampi Opening Hours:

The ruins can be explored at leisure. The Vittala Temple is open from 8.30 a.m. to 5.30 p.m. daily, and it’s worth getting there as early as possible to beat the crowds. The Elephant Stables, which once housed the royal elephants, is open from 8 a.m. to 6 p.m. daily.

Hampi Cost:

There’s no cost to explore most of the ruins. The Vittala Temple and Elephant Stables are two places that do charge an entrance fee of $US 5 each for foreigners. Children younger than 15 years are free.

Hampi Festivals:

If you enjoy culture, make sure you catch the three day Hampi Festival (also known as the Vijaya Utsav) that's held in late January each year. Dance, drama, music, fireworks, and puppet shows all take place against the ruins of Hampi. Be prepared to battle the crowds though! Hampi also holds a Purandaradasa Aradhana classical music festival in January/February each year to celebrate the birthday of Purandaradasa, a poet who lived there. In March/April the largest religious festival in Hampi, the Virupaksha Car Festival, takes place to mark the annual marriage ritual of the gods and goddesses.

Hampi Travel Tips:

An incredible energy can be felt at Hampi. The sunrise and sunset over the village, viewed from atop the central Matanga Hill, are truly magical and are not to be missed. Be sure to have a comfortable pair of shoes with you as some of the ruins can only be accessed on foot and you’ll need to walk quite a distance in order to explore them. Try taking a ferry trip across the river to Anegondi and exploring the relics there. Alternatively, it's a good idea to hire a bicycle to get around. The best time to visit is from November to February. In March it starts getting unbearably hot.

The Taj Mahal - Historical Place In India

Everybody knows the story of the Taj Mahal. One of the great Moghul Emperors of India, Shah Jehan, built it when his beloved wife died. He ruled over almost all of India from 1628 to 1658 AD. His love for his wife is a romantic story that is like a fairy tale.

Babur, a great Mongol king, conquered India in 1526 and established the Moghul Dynasty (Moghul refers to the Mongol conquerors of India). The first four emperors developed their power and set up a system of Government that included all Indians, Hindus and Muslims. Among them was Akbar, one of the truly great monarchs of all time. By the time Shah Jehan became emperor he could turn his mind more fully to cultural activities too.

Mumtaz Mahal and Shah Jahan

Emperor Shah Jehan was a handsome man. He looked every inch a Prince. His wife, Mumtaz Mahal, was half Persian and was one of the loveliest women at the Moghul Court. ‘She had long black hair, delicate eyebrows and skin like a lily.’ wrote one poet. But more than her beauty, Mumtaz Mahal was a very good woman. She was an excellent wife and mother. She was kind and helped hundreds of women in distress. She was loved by all and most of all by her husband.

Shah Jehan used to travel round his Empire a great deal. Mumtaz Mahal always went with him, taking her three daughters and four sons with her. In fact each of her four sons was born while she was on a military campaign with the Emperor.

Tombs of Shah Jahan and Mumtaz Mahal

When Mumtaz Mahal died, Emperor Shah Jehan wept for two months. He was inconsolable. For two months he did not come out of his room. When he did come out he was a very sad man. He decided to built a Mausoleum, that is a tomb, in her memory. He was going to place the body of Mumtaz Mahal inside this tomb, which he wanted the whole world to admire.

He began work on the Taj Mahal. The architects of this building of great beauty are unknown. Some people think they may have been Italians. Others think Shah Jehan got Persians to design this beautiful building.

The Taj Mahal took about 20 years to build. It is made of the finest white marble and the whole structure is richly decorated. Precious stones were put into the outside walls, but these were eventually stolen away. When the lamps were lit at night the gems would gleam in the darkness. It was said to be the most beautiful sight in the world.

Main iwan and side pishtaqs

Shah Jehan spent too much money on the Taj Mahal. He spent money that could have been better used to benefit the people of his empire. When the Taj Mahal was finished he laid the body of his wife inside and planned to build another tomb out of black marble for himself. This was the height of folly. His son Aurangzeb imprisoned him and stopped any further expense. When Shah Jehan was put into prison he was kept in a room in the Agra Fort which overlooked the Taj Mahal. From his prison room he could gaze upon the lovely building he had created. He died a few years after his imprisonment, and was buried in the Taj Mahal, near his beloved wife.

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The Taj Mahal has been called ‘a poem in marble’. Without any doubt, it is one of the most beautiful buildings in the world. Expensive though it was, Mumtaz Mahal, his good and loyal queen, deserved her monument. And today the building is one of India’s greatest tourist attractions, providing a wonderful sight each year to thousands of Indians and foreigners. It is especially beautiful by moonlight, and you are lucky if you can see it under a full moon. It is one of the most stunning sights on earth.

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