Rajasthan The Historical of India

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The Rajputs have ruled Rajasthan for close to one thousand years and even today are regarded in very high esteem. One of the major fallacies of the Rajputs has been the fact that they have never been a cohesive and united force while facing the marauding foreign invaders. But one thing that stands out is their courage and valor.


The hardened Rajput warriors are renowned for their exemplary valour in the battlefield and their unbelievable strength against all odds, even at the cost of death, is what has endeared them to lovers of history. There have also been occasions when women consigned themselves to the funeral pyre of their Rajput husbands who attained martyrdom in the battlefield.

In fact Rajasthan has a checkered history. For instance the bewildering Patari craft works of Harappa and Mahenjodaro dating back to 2700 B.C. have been found. The Bairat inscription also reveals the fact that Emperor Ashoka also ruled this place. From 2nd to 4th century, this region was ruled by Sakas, from 4th to 6th centuries by Guptas, in 6th century by Huns between 7-12 century it was ruled by the fierce Rajputs.

Rajasthan has always been a volatile region and in the past small territories were ruled by Ranas or Kings. They ruled for close to 1000 years. On hindsight, one also has to admit that there was no unity among the Ranas/Kings and sensing an opportunity, the first Mughal invasion took place in 1193 wherein Mohammed Ghori defeated Prithviraj Chouhan. Emperor Akbar too had ruled this region and seeing the courage and valor of the Rajputs, appointed many Rajputs in his royal court. Akbar even married Princess Jodha Bai after being charmed by her beauty and grace.


During the British rule, Rajasthan was a conglomeration of princely states and each state was designated as Rajputana and was ruled by a Mahajaraja.

From the beginning of the 20th century the Maharaja's of Rajasthan indulged in opulent luxury primarily to satisfy the English rulers. They had a penchant for visiting foreign countries, playing polo and even took part in horse racing, all of which exhausted the royal treasury.

In 1949, the Rana rulers made friends with the Indian administration and with the addition of Ajmer and Marwar along with 22 princely states of Rajputana in the year 1956, came to form the second largest state of India - Rajasthan.


The followings are the historical places in Rajasthan India.

Amber Fort
Arabic Institute Tonk
Archaeological Museum (Amer)
Archaeological Museum (Udaipur)
Birla Museum
Central Museum
City Palace Jaipur
City Palace Museum
City Palace Udaipur
Deeg Palace
Dungarpur Museum
Fateh Prakash Museum
Folklore Museum
Fort Museum
Gadsisar Sagar Tank
Ganga Golden Jubilee Museum
Havelis
Hawa Mahal
Jaigarh Fort
Jaisalmer Fort
Jal Mahal
Jantar Mantar
Junagarh Fort
Kumbhalgarh Fort
Lake Palace
Lalgarh Palace
Lok Kala Museum
Manak Chowk
Mehrangarh Fort
Mehrangarh Museum
Modern Art Gallery
Museum Bangar
Museum Bharatpur
Museum Indology
Museum Jaisalmer
Museum Jhalawar
Museum Jodhpur
Museum Kota
Museum Mandore
Museum Mount Abu
Museum Udaipur
Palace of Padmini
Rao Madho Singh Museum
Sawai Man Singh Museum
Shilp Gram Museum
Shri Sardul Museum and Anup Library
Umaid Bhawan Museum
Umaid Bhawan Palace
Vijay Stambh
Virat Nagar Musuem
Govt. Museum-Alwar

Source:  History, Places

Historical Places in Ahmedabad Gujarat

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Sabarmati Ashram

This ashram was Gandhi's headquarters during the long struggle for Indian independence. His ashram was founded in 1915 and still makes handicraft, handmade paper and spinning wheels. Gandhi's spartan living quarter are preserved as a small museum and there is a pictorial record of the major events in his life. The ashram is open from 8.30 am to 6.30 pm (7 pm between April and September). Admission is free.
 

There is a sound-and-light show for a small charge at 6:30 pm (in Gujarati) and 8:30 pm (in English on Sunday, Wednesday and Friday and in Hindi on the other nights. The beautiful ashram complex of Ahmedabad, with it's shady trees populated by thousands of parakeets, beeeaters, sunbirds and squirells, offers a refuge from the loud streets of the city, and is one the foremost tourist attractions of Ahmedabad.

Kankaria Lake
 

South-east of the city, this artificial lake, complete with an island summer palace, was constructed in 1415 and has 34 sides, each 60m long. Once frequented by Emperor Jehangir and Empress Nur Jahan, it is now a local picnic spot. There's a huge zoo and children's park by the lake, and the Ghattamendal pavilion in the center houses an aquarium.

Jama Masjid


The Jama Masjid, built in 1423 by Ahmed Shah, is beside Mahatma Gandhi Rd, to the east of the Teen Darwaja. Although 260 columns support the roof, the two 'shaking' minarets lost half their height in the great earthquake of 1819, and another tremor in 1957 completed their demolition. Much of this early Ahmedabad mosque was built using items salvaged from the demolished Hindu and Jain temples. It is said that a large black slab by the main arch is actually the base of a Jain idol, buried upside down for the Muslim faithful to tread on

Rani Sipri's Mosque


This small mosque outh-east of the city is also known as the Masjid-e-Nagira (Jewel of a Mosque) because of its extremely graceful and well-executed design. Its slender minarets again blend Hindu and Islamic style. The mosque is said to have been commissioned in 1514 by the wife of Sultan Mahmud Begada after he executed their son for some minor misdemeanour and she is in fact buried here

Sarkhej Roza


Travel south along he highway, and a short day tour will bring you to the Sarkhej complex, a cluster of monuments dating from the Sultanate. Sarkhej was the home of the Muslim religious leader Ahmed Shaik, who was a spiritual guide of Sultan Ahmed Shah. In 1411, he was one of the 4 Ahmeds who laid the foundation of the city. The Rauza or Maqbara (mausoleum) of Shaik Ahmed Gunj Baksh - 140 ft in area is one of the largest mausolea in India, rivalling the Taj Mahal.

Dada Hari Vav


Dada Hari Vav - This well was built to provide cool resting place and water to the travellers. The stepped well is one the finest example of Gujarati architecture. Even on the hottest days the well is cool. This well was built in 1501. It has a flight of steps leading down to lower and lower platform terminating at a small, octagonal well. The best time to visit and photograph the well is between 10 and 11 am; at other times the sun doesn't penetrate to the various levels.

Hathee Singh Jain Temple


Hathee Singh Jain Temple was built outside Delhi Gate in 1850 by a rich Jain Merchant. This is the best known of Ahmedabad's many ornate Jain Temples. Built of pure white marble and profusely decorated with rich carvings, the Hathee Singh Temple is dedicated to Dharamanath.

Lothal

Lothal lies 85 km southwest of Ahmedabad. This place near Ahmedabad is an ancient dock belonging to the Indus Valley Civilization. The Indus Valley Civilisation at Lothal Ahmedabad district was a hub centre for the Indus valley civilisation when it moved down from Sindh to the Saurashtra coast to establish trading zones. Rangpur and Lothal, both around 75 kms south from Ahmedabad, were among the first 2 places where the Indus valley civilisation was discovered in India.

The rulers home is no longer a grand palace, but the foundations show signs of it having been a 2 or 3 storeyed mansion. The rooms of the upper town were obviously built for ruling classes, as they had private paved baths, and a remarkable network of drains and cess pools. An ivory workshop at the acropolis suggests that elephants may have been domesticated for the purpose

Modhera

An 11th century Sun Temple, rivalling Konark in architecture an sculpture, with pillars depicting traditional erotic sculpture and scenes from the Hindu epics can be seen here. One of the finest temples of the 11th century period in the country, the Sun temple of Modhera has spectacular carvings, fine architecture and traditional erotic sculpture.

Nal Sarovar Bird Sanctuary


54 km away and connected the the city, the sanctuary offers a pleasant trip. The sanctuary mainly comprises a lake and marshes where you can see flamingos, pelicans, ducks, geese, cranes, storks, ibises, spoonbills, wading birds, kingfishers, swallows, fishing eagles, osprey, harriers and falcons in great numbers.

The Rann Of Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary


The sanctuary is best known for its herds of chestnut-brown Asiatic onager (wild ass), last surviving species of India's wild horses. Also home of the gazelle, blue bull, wolf, desert and Indian fox, jackal, jungle cat, hare and birds like the houbara bustard, sandgrouse, courser, francolin, quail, eagle, falcon, harrier, vulture, lark, warbler. The 11th century sandstone fortress at Patdi, temples around Munsar Tank at Viramgam and Darbargadh of Dasada can be visited en route.

Mehedabad

27 km away and on the way to Baroda, is another interesting day trip. The Stepwell of Mehmedabad and Jumma Masjid mosques are architectural achievements. From here you can go to Sojali by rickshaw to see the 1515 A.D. mausoleum or Chandra Suraj Mahal, a ruined garden palace.

India Is A Land With A Rich And Varied History

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Many different rulers, dynasties, and empires have fought over and controlled different parts of the Indian subcontinent during its eventful history. The various rulers and dynasties left behind their legacy in the form of grand monuments and buildings, in different historical places in India.



Most of India's cities have a history worth exploring, for the tales of the past are truly fascinating. The various monuments including palaces, forts, victory pillars and tombs in different historical places in India, tell glorious stories of India's fascinating history.

The capital city of Delhi was originally the capital of the Tomara clan in the 11th century A.D and later it became the capital of the Mughals. The city has some of the famous historical monuments; out of which some were built by the Mughals and the Britishers. Red Fort, Jama Masjid, Humayun's Tomb, Rashtrapati Bhawan, and Parliament House are the main monuments in Delhi, depicting its ancient history. Monuments of Prithviraj Chauhan, the Lodi Tombs, and the Siri Fort of Allauddin Khilji are some of the other monuments that you can see on your tour to Delhi.Neighboring Delhi is the city of Agra well known as the imperial capital of the Mughal Empire. City of Agra got its real grace during the reign of Shah Jahan. In 1631,the Mughal ruler built the beautiful mausoleum of Taj Mahal, in the memory of his consort Mumtaz Mahal. The monument is still an inspiration for true lovers. The historical city of Agra also has many other Mughal monuments like the Agra Fort, the tomb of Itimad-ud-Daulah, and Akbar's fort at Sikandra.


The Royal state of Rajasthan offers many grand palaces and forts, which are part of the heritage of India. The capital city of Jaipur is one of the most visited historical places in India. The pink city was built by the astronomer King Sawaii Jai Singh in 1727 and endowed with grand palaces and magnificent forts. The Hawa Mahal, City Palace, Amber Fort and Jantar Mantar make Jaipur a must visit historical destination in India. The city of Jaisalmer is dotted with many magnificent golden fortresses, historic carved havelis, windswept sand dunes, and desert festivals, which depict the traditional culture of Rajasthan.Udaipur is popular for its lake palaces which are historic and architectural gems of Rajasthan.The city is a popular historical place in India. The majestic Mehrangarh Fort and Umaid Bhawan Palace represent the city of Jodhpur, which is known for its magnificent palaces. The city was previously the princely state of Marwar. Jodhpur is one of the historical places in India where history can be seen even today. Another city in Rajasthan famous for its history and unequalled sacrifice is the city of Chittorgarh; this historical place in India has seen many battles and acts of heroic sacrifice.


Aurangabad, located in Maharashtra on India's west coast was known for being the capital of the Tughlaq Empire during the reign of Muhammed-bin-Tughlaq.Devagiri Fort is a known historical monument situated in Aurangabad.The city is close to the cave temples of Ajanta and Ellora which form very important historical places in India.


These Buddhist, Jain, and Hindu cave temples are marvels of Indian architecture, carved out of rock in the hills. Apart from all these historical places in Maharashtra, Mumbai city also has a rich history. The city has some remarkable colonial architecture and monuments including the Victoria Terminus. The city was originally inhabited by Koli fishermen and was later handed over to Britishers. Hyderabad, the imperial capital of the Nizams, is one of the known India historical places including the grand monuments of Charminar, Golconda Fort, the Qutab Shahi Tombs, and the Falaknuma Palace. History and modernity coexist in this city, where a mixture of religions, cultures, and architectural styles come together to create one of the most interesting historical places in India.

Among the other historical places in India, the temples of Khajuraho in Madhya Pradesh, Konarak in Orissa and Meenakshi temples in Madurai have their own significance. The Khajuraho Temples were built during the reign of the Chandella dynasty in the years 950 and 1050 A.D. The temples are recognized worldwide for the excellence of their sculptures and for the erotic carvings on the temple walls. The Khajuraho temples are one of the most visited and studied historical places in India. The magnificent sun temple of Konarak in Orissa was built in the 13th century. This historical monument is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and an architectural marvel, in this historical place in Eastern India. The popular Meenashi Temple is situated in Madurai, which was at one time a busy port under Chola, Pandya, and Nayaka rulers. The city continues to be an important town in Tamil Nadu and one of the most fascinating historical places in India.

Mahabalipuram is also an important historical place in South India, the city flourished as an artistic center of the Pallava dynasty. The main highlights of the city are the five chariot shaped temples or rathas, the shore temple and the carved depictions of episodes from the Mahabharata.Varanasi, one of the oldest cities in India is famous for its ceremonial Ghats, archaeological museum, and the many temples which make it a unique city where history is very much a part of daily life. Varanasi is one of the most important religious and historical places in India. Bodhagaya in Bihar is one of the known historical places in India, which has close association with Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism. Buddhist pilgrims from around the world, travel to the historical places in India associated with Buddha's life, including Bodhagaya, the site where Buddha gained enlightenment.

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