Fatehpur Sikri or the City of Victory was built during the late 16th century. It was the capital of the Mughal Empire for a short period of 10 years. This huge compound encloses magnificent monuments and temples, along with the largest mosques in India, the Jama Masjid, all in a well-balanced architectural style - a melange of Hindu and Central Asian Architecture.
The city was expected to be the joint capital with Agra, but was soon deserted because of the serious water crisis. After been abandoned for over 400 years now, the efforts are made by the Archaeological department to retain extravagance of the Mughal period.
Fatehpur Sikri is said to be the look-alike of the mosque in Mecca and has designs, taken from the Persian & Hindu architecture. Though the city is in ruins, it is a place to see during one's visit to Agra. The finest monuments enclosed within this region are the Diwan - i - Am, Diwan - i - Khas, Panch Mahal, Jama Masjid, Panch Mahal, Buland Darwaza and the tomb of Saint Sheikh Salim Chisti are among the finest specimens of Mughal architecture.
The Architectural Extravaganza
Diwan-I-Am or the Hall Of Public Audience was used for the public meetings. The place was also used for celebrations and public prayers.
Exquisitely built, Diwan-I-khaas or Hall Of Private Audience was used by the emperors for private meetings.
The Jami Masjid
Jama Masjid is one of the largest mosques in India, was built in 1571 AD. Inside the masjid, there is a vast congregational coutyard. On the right side, at the corner, is the Jammat Khana Hall and next to this is the tomb of the royal ladies. On the left side of the Jami Masjid is the Stone Cutters’ mosque, the oldest place of worship at Fateh Pur Sikri.
Buland Darwaza is the highest and grandest gateway in India and ranks among the biggest in the world. It can be approached by a 13-metre flight of steps from outside, which adds to its splendour. The gate was raised in 1602 AD to commemorate Akbar’s victory over Deccan.
Other attractions are :
Turkish Sultana’s House, The Treasury, Daulat khana-I-khas, Palace of Jodha Bai, Hawa Mahal And Nagina Masjid, Birbal’s Palace, Sunehra Makan, Panch Mahal, Dargah Of Sheikh Salim Chisti.
Taj Mahal: UNESCO World Heritage Site, Taj Mahal echoes loudly and has the power to stay in the mind of travellers.
Agra Fort: Just 2 kms from Taj Mahal, Agra fort is another masterpiece of Mughal history in India. You would love to explore it.