Ajanta Ellora both caves are situated in the middle of Sahyadri lands. Not much far from Aurangabad in the state of Maharashtra, these Ajanta and Ellora Caves are visited by every person and tourists coming first time to India. Thus, this Ajanta Ellora Caves are also known as the biggest spot for those heritage seekers from the entire world. According to rituals, most of the crafting and architectural designs of these Ajanta Ellora Caves refer to various religions like Hindu and Jainism but major part for Ajanta and Ellora Caves describes the traditional view of Buddhism and life journey of Lord Gautam Buddha. As these both Ajanta and Ellora Caves are different; thus, both are located in different locations. Ellora Caves are located just thirty kilometers form the city called Aureangabad. These Ellora Caves are the most treasured architectural heritage monuments of our country. Consisting of 34 caves in it, these Ellora Caves are the largest traditional ones which define three various religions in it. Mostly Jainism and Hinduism are included in it but, the major one on which these Ellora Caves are based upon is the Buddhism.
Ajanta caves lie deep in the semi-arid Sahayadri hills, above the Waghora River. Discovered only in the 19th century and since then brought to the world's light, Ajanta caves have panels depicting tales from the Jatakas, a rich collection of stories dealing with several reincarnations of the Budhha. Numbering as many as 29 caves, Ajanta caves were built as secluded retreats of the Buddhist monks. These monks taught and performed rituals in the Chaityas and Viharas.
Built using simple tools such as hammer and chisel, these caves houses some of the most well preserved wall paintings including that of two great Boddhisattvas, Padmapani and Avalokiteshvara. These caves have some of the most divine sculptures and images of Budhha preaching. One can have a first hand info on the overall development of Buddhism, observing these caves.
With 34 caves devoted to Buddhist, Jain and Hindu faiths, Ellora Caves have an amazing wealth of sculpture. About 30 kms northwest of Aurangabad, Ellora caves are caved into the sides of a basaltic hill. As the finest specimens of cave temples, Ellora caves have elaborate facades and intricately aesthetic interiors to hypnotize your sensibilities. Carved during the 350AD to 700AD period, Ellora caves have 12 caves to the south that are Buddhist, the 17 in the centre dedicated to Hinduism, and the 5 caves to the north are Jain.
The sculptures in the Buddhist caves depict the nobility, grace and serenity that are inherent in the Buddha. The sculpture in the Buddhist caves accurately convey the nobility, grace and serenity inherent in the Buddha.Most of the caves are Viharas or Monastery halls used by the monks for study, solitary meditation and worship.
The Kailasha temple in Cave 16 is an architectural wonder carved out of a monolith, has the gateway, pavilion, assembly hall, sanctum and tower, all chiseled out of a single rock. The Dumar Lena cave resembles the famous cave - temple at Elephanta, and is dedicated to Lord Shiva.
The Jain caves about a mile away from the Kailasa temple have grand statues of Parasvanath and other Jain Tirthankaras and a seated figure of meditating Mahavira.